Ramón Emeterio Betances

Puerto Rico
(April 8, 1827 – September 16, 1898) Ramon Emeterio Betances used his medical degree from the university of Paris to open a hospital to aid those effected by the cholera epidemic. He is also known for his literature and his role in fighting against slavery. Betances organized an expedition which further led to what is known today as Grito de Lares.

Primary Sources

Click here to view a collection of primary sources related to Ramón Emeterio Betances.


Ramón Emeterio Betances – The World of 1898: The Spanish-American War (Hispanic Division, Library of Congress). (n.d.). Retrieved July 7, 2023, from https://www.loc.gov/rr/hispanic/1898/betances.html